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Though vultures were not the direct targets, they were the victims of campaigns to lay poison for "pests" such as wolves, foxes and crows.
As the risks from bacteria and polluted water became known, there was a drive to sanitise everything...
In the 1920s and 30s, vultures were hunted for pleasure or stuffed and displayed as trophies. They were also baited or clubbed to death.
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Vultures on the verge of extinction

By 1940 vultures had disappeared from the Lozère... But why?

Pest eradication:

Vultures were the indirect victims of poison laid for wolves, foxes and other "pests".

Bullets and "skillful" hunters:

Birds were shot down in the name of "hunting", for glory or sport, or to be stuffed and displayed as trophies.

Hygiene - a blow to vultures:

As bacteria, personal hygiene and the dangers of polluted water for food supplies were discovered, early regulations required animal carcasses to be buried, removing them from the vultures' natural food supply.

A decisive turning point in a changing society:
All these reasons are closely linked to the vultures' relationship with mankind and society.

In fact wild vultures started to die out as early as the late 19th century, just when society started to apprehend modern methods.